The prefecture of
Corfu (Kerkyra) is situated in the Ionion Sea at 19°
20° 06E lat. and 39°
96N and 39° 54N long. It includes the island of Corfu, the
islands of Paxos, Antipaxos and their smaller islets Discalia, Panayia and
Exolithro all of which are found to the south of Corfu whilst the outlying
islands, Othoni, Ericousa and Mathraki are situated to the northwest. The
west coast of Othoni is also the westernmost point in the State of Greece.
prefecture of Corfu covers an area of 634 sq. km. and has a population of
107592 (1981) , equivalent to 167,9 residents per sq. km.Corfu is the
seventh largest Greek island, and the second largest after Cephallonia of
the Ionion islands. It is found in the north of the Ionion Sea, opposite the
coastline of both Greece and Albania, separated by the Corfu Channel. Corfu
itself has an area of 592,1 sq. km. and a coastline of217 sq. km.
terrain is varied. In the north Mount Pantocrator rises to 906m., in the
centre smaller hills rise to 576m., while in the south a series of hills,
rising to more than 250m., stretch down the island ending at the headland of Asprokavos (south) and Lefkimis (southeast). In no particular arrangement,
large valleys dot the landscape , characteristically like the one around
lake Korission situated close to the southwest coast.
island enjoys a mediterranean climate with mild winters and refreshing
summers. However humidity is high owing to warm southwesterly winds
(especially in the winter when winds can reach 8 Beaufort) and northwesterly
winds (like the "maistro" of summer reaching force 4 Beaufort) causing heavy rainfall
from time to time apart from the mid-summer months. The annual rainfall for
Corfu (1,183mm) is the highest in Greece.
relaxing but rich coutryside, the glorious beaches and many other wonderful
sights have made Corfu one of the most beautiful islands in the
Mediterranean and one of the most often-visited places in Greece.
economy of the island is mostly based on agriculture and tourism (the last
few years have seen a reversal of this situation), and there has been a
reduction in the development of industry, manufacturing, pastoral farming,
trade, merchandise and fishing. Mineral wealth, on the other hand, is non-existant.
thirds of farmers are involved in olive cultivation, which stems from the
time of the Venetian occupation.Olive groves cover one- third of the area of
is well-known for its dairy products such as butter and graviera cheese. However
few people earn their income this way as in past times families did not have
access to grazing land for cattle and sheep.
cover 4% of the total area of Corfu.
MANUFACTURING AND INDUSTRY
the 60's efforts were made to develop industry chiefly in the agricultural
sector with the creation of olive-mills, soap factory ,a rope manufacturer,
paper mill and various outlets selling dairy products. Today many of the
above have diminished.
Much fishing is
done in the rich fishing grounds off the south of Corfu whilst in the north
lobster is caught.
The rich flora of the island combined with the cultivation of trees have
helped develop the beekeeping industry, producing top- quality honey thereby
improving the position of the farmer.
development of tourism has led Corfu to hold the second place, after the
Dodecanese, for the number of visitors. The income earned through tourism
represents a significant part of the income for the residents and takes
second place only to revenue from agriculture.
has daily flights to and from Athens, with 3-4 flights in the summer and two
in the winter. By sea Corfu is connected to Patras, the other Ionion islands,
Igoumenitsa and the Italian ports of Ancona and Brindisi.Road connections
within the island are good.
from compulsory education lasting nine years (Primary, Secondary,High) Corfu
also has the Ionion University, Higher School of Tourism and Higher Nursing
official religion of the Greek State is Greek Orthodox. Apart from Orthodox
churches on the island there are also several Catholic, Protestant ,
Anglican, and Jewish churches as well as other smaller groups who meet